Annual, herbaceous, wraparound
Root: Topping (20-25 cm), taproot can reach 1 m depth.
Trunk: Wrapping, creeping, branching, angular, hard hairy, 1.5-2.5 m tall, branching occurs with the emergence of shoots from the leaf seats and begins after the 2-3 leaf period.
Leaf: Angular, green, hairy, long petiole.
Leech: yes, occurs on leaf seat, no branching, simple structured.
Occurs in the leaf seat.
Type: Monocious, gynociosus (in Parthenocarp varieties), dioecious.
Features: Yellow, small, 5 pieces, 3-piece hillock of the male organ and
female organs with 3 carpels, male organs single or several together or male and female flower same
located in the leaf seat. Female flowers are available single or multiple. Cucumber varieties are divided into 2 groups in terms of the number of female flowers.
1. Mono pistil (Single female flower)
There are 3 different stages of flowering in monocious cucumber plants:
Phase 1: Only male flowers are formed.
Phase 2: Male and female flowers are mixed.
Phase 3: Only female flower is formed.
2. Multi pistil (Multi pistil)
Shape: Oval, round, long, cylindrical
Color: Before ripening: White, light green, green, dark green
grown: Yellow, orange, yellow-brown
Fruit surface: Flat, grooved, prickly, warts.
Fruit size: Pickles: 3-5 cm
Tableware: 15-25 cm, 40-60 cm (European varieties).
Bitterness: Cucurbitacin-terpene substance that accumulates in the shell.
1. Genetics: It is driven by a dominant gene.
2. Climatic conditions: high temperature, thirst, extreme N.
3. Physiological: obstruction of conduction bundles.
Seed: Pale yellow-white, elongated egg-shaped, seed number 30-55 per 1 g, number of seeds / fruit: 50-250, 1000 seed weight: 25 g.