4 species have been identified within the Citrillus genus.
Leaf: Angular, 5 deep lobed, broad, straight and green
Flower: Monocious, flower stalk short
Fruit: Medium size, thick and juicy flesh
Flesh: Red, pink, yellow
Seed: Long-round, white, black or brown
There are 3 varieties of Citrillus lanatus:
Citrillus lanatus var. lanatus: wild watermelons
Citrillus lanatus var. caffer: Culture watermelons
Citrillus lanatus var.citroides: Canned food, common in the US
Plant characteristics: Perennial
Leaves: Small, narrow, lobed and hairy, grayish
Flowers: Monociuos, small
Fruit: Small, 7.5 cm in diameter, thick rind
Plant characteristics: Perennial.
Leaves: Small, narrow, lobed and hairy, grayish.
Flowers: Monociuos, small.
Fruit: Small, 7.5 cm in diameter, thick-skinned, fruit pulp like a sponge and pain.
Seed: Small and brown.
Leaves: Deep, fragmented and hairy on top.
Flowers: Diocious is formed in the 2nd year.
Fruit: Ellipsoid, medium-sized and large, thin-skinned, juicy and soft.
Seed: White, difficult to germinate.
Leaves: Partial and hairy, midrib curved, no leech.
Flowers: It occurs in the 2nd year. Monocious.
Fruit: White flesh and bitter, medium size.
Plant: Annual, herbaceous, clinging and creeping, branching in all directions tend to.
Root: Overgrown and dense, goes 60 cm deep.
Body: Angular, tend to form side branches, trunk in dwarf varieties It covers an area of 60 cm and 9 m in other varieties. Main arm 60- After reaching 70 cm, side branches are formed. Scrub In varieties, dominance of the main stem is eliminated. Each There is branching in the direction.
Leech: Yes, 2-7 branches.
Leaf: Deep lobed, has 2 or 3 pairs of lobes. is round.
Flower: Yellow, small, and unpretentious, single in leaf seats occurs as. The flowers are monociosus. Female or hermaphrodite flowers: on every 7th leaf seat occurs. Male flowers form on other leaf seats.
Female flower / male flower: 2/7, crown ring greenish yellow and deep 5 lobed The female organ has 3 carpels, the ovary is round or long.
Skin: Smooth, green tones, mottled or striped, firm, depending on variety thin or thick.
Fruit flesh color: White, yellow, pink, red.
Fruit structure: sandy, fleshy or fibrous, by ripening of the placenta Occurs.
Fruit size: 1.5-40-50 kg, average 3-10 kg.
Fruit shape: Long-cylindrical, round.
Seed: White, brown, black, plain or mottled, per plant.
seed yield: 35 g, number of seeds per fruit: 50-250 seeds, 1000 seeds 70 g, 10-25 seeds in 1 gram.