Method of stool bed
This dipping method, which has been created as a combination of ditch, hill and flat dipping, is the best among other dipping methods in terms of the number of rootstock obtained per unit area. In addition, it is more profitable for the sapling producer than producing with seeds. Because it does not have much expense except for the first year of sewing. With this dipping method used in the reproduction of clonal rootstock, apple, cherry and cherry clonal rootstock and quince rootstock can be propagated very successfully.
Rooted rootstock that any obtained by each of the vegatative production methods, winter or spring period according to the climatic conditions, the row 20-25 cm, row spacing 150 cm and lands are planted somewhat obliquely so as to make a 45 degree angle. During planting, 15-20 cm of the main plant should be buried in the soil, and approximately 1/3 (20 cm) should be shortened in the part remaining outside the soil. The tip of the rootstock should be inclined towards the south. And the last plant (south end) is planted in the opposite direction.
The rootstock, which are left to grow that year, are deposited at increasing rates once a week, starting in July, and each rootstock is wrapped in contact with several parts of the rootstock in front of it.Thus, the deposit process is completed at the end of the year. The surface of the soil were planted rootstock must be perfectly flat. Fork stakes or U-shaped iron bars are used to secure the rootstocks on the soil. In this way deposited rootstock, they remain in a state of open-top until spring next year.
As of May, when the shoots emerging from the stems of the main plants reach a height of 15 cm, throat filling is applied every week or 10 days, 2 cm at a time. Until the end of August, 10-15 cm of the shoots from the bottom will be covered with soil. The first of these covers should be made with peat and the others with soil. It is important to note that peat should be used only for first-year first throat filling of apple clonal rootstock. Acidic peat with a pH of 4-4.5 facilitates rooting on rootstock.