Seedless fruits mean the end of the generation of the plant that produced that fruit. Because seedless fruit cannot produce new fruits. However, there are plants that bear fruit without seeds. But nature will never deliberately allow such a plant to be born. In fact, these fruits owe their existence to unfortunate mutations. In other words, being seedless means they have a genetic defect (infertility). However, this accidental defect is more suitable for consumption. These seedless fruits are propagated by clone.
What is parthenocarpy
- Seedless fruit formation without fertilization is called “parthenocarpy“.
- Seedless fruit formed in this way is called “parthenocarp fruit“.
- In addition to genetic structure, climatic conditions are also effective in parthenocarpic fruit formation.
It is induced to be parthenocarpic fruit by the application of some plant growth regulators such as Gibberellic acid and NAA. Parthenocarpy is undesirable in hard seeded and shelled fruit types.
Parthenocarpic fruits and vegetables
Fruits: Banana, pear (Williams), orange (Washington), persimmon, loquat.
Vegetables: Cucumber, eggplant, squash, seedless (3n) watermelons.